Presentation on Global Health & Human Rights Seminar. I ran out of time before finishing the last few pages 😦 Seems to me that doing sufficient practice is most useful in getting away from nervousness.

Slides Here. Below are some highlights:

  • Health System in UK Overview
    • Devolved System: England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales
    • 3rd largest in Europe: behind France and Germany
    • 87% public funded
    • Expenditure growing in the past decade
      • Demographic trends: aging population, increasing life expectancy
      • Improvement in clinical outcomes, technology, and quality stands
      • Greater speed to access to hospitals and primary care services
  • Legal Basis
    • National Health Service Act 1946
      • Created NHS in 1948
    • NHS Constitution
      • 7 guiding principles
      • Rights & Responsibilities
  • Organization
    • Secretary of State for Health
    • Department of Health and NHS Executive
    • Strategic Health Authorities
    • Primary care trusts & HNS trusts (secondary care)
  • Delivery
    • Physicians
    • Hospitals
    • Government
    • Private insurance funds
  • Financing
    • National Health Service (NHS) (87%) : mainly from general taxation
    • Private health insurance (12%): higher standard
    • Other: pay directly out-of-pocket
  • Current Situations
    • Advantage
      • NHS is cheap by international standards
      • Level of health in UK is similar to that in other developed countries
      • Avoided many problems of insurance based health care systems
      • NHS has continued to be popular
    • Disadvantage
      • Insufficient resources
      • Not sensitive to consumer preferences
      • Inefficient transfer of resources